This is an example of a polar bear Endangered Species Act (ESA) listing designation letter. Gale Norton, former Secratary of the US Department of Interior (USDI), Norton, a notoriously poor Secratary is no longer with us. Interior includes the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFW). Norton refused to list the polar bear as Threatoned. This refusal was one of her legacies before she left.
The USDI has been sued by the Center For Biological Diversity (CBD), the Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC)and Greenpeace for refusing to allow the listing and the limited public comment period (less than 60 days) that the USFWS, by law, is supposed to allow.
In case the public comment is allowed by the winning of the suit, the USFWS likes short and factual and sweet letters. The CBD has a comprehensive polar bear ESA petitition if you want to look at their information and write more about the bear.
Put the polar bear ESA listinging in your search bar to get to the Center for Biological Diversity polar bear ESA petition document.Comment on this blog if you have questions or improvements. We will keep you posted on this petition and it's lawsuit.
The polar bear should be listed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service under Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act as Threatoned. I support the 170 page petition of the Center for Biological Diversity. It is well done and offers many solutions to the polar bears predicament.
While I feel all polar bears are Threatoned, I think US polar bears, especially those at the Beaufort Sea, which will feel the impacts of a warming planet right away .
Even though I get the sense that some of the major polar bear experts are not convinced Global Warming is occurring, or least cannot acknowledge it, I am convinced it is occurring and will impact polar bears negatively, to the point of endangering the population in the next 50 years.
In any event the climate is warming dramatically, and that is irrefutable, and it will negatively impact polar bears.
The Alaskan population of polar bears is centered on the Beaufort Sea, where about 2,000 to 2,500 bears go back and forth between the N W Territories and Alaska. This population is stable at this time. About 43% of the maternal denning associated with this population occurs in theArcticWildlife Range. This is substantial. And will put the adult females and young, in discordance with their primary post-denning food source.It will require them to travel, to and from, their food resource a long distance, too long for the young. They may drown, or at least that should be looked at. The seals, in return may not be able to breed at the current stable density, losing or shrinking their population in an ever rarer denning habitat.
The primary source of food is the Ringed Seal, which needs ice for its existence. When this food source declines it will go fast, and so will the primary predator, or the polar bear.The Beaufort population is small,2000-2500, and the reproduction in polar bears is notoriously slow. They cannot respond to fast changes in habitat that will impact their food resource. The COSEWIC (Canadian Status designator) considers this population vulnerable and careful management is emphasized. This may be our most vulnerable bear at this time; for this, and the fact that we have a dramatically fast warming climate, The polar bear in Alaska should be listed under the ESA as Threatoned. The Beaufort population should be extensively studied. The bear population and conditions should be modelled to determine the future climate warming impacts on it.
Send your comments, when the time is right to: Division of Endangered Species, US Department of Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C., 20240. Thank you for waiting. I will tell you when to write.